Waterford Inspection, 1775

Major General Cuninghames Observations on the Fortysecond Or Royal Highland Regiment of Foot

reviewed By Him at Waterford on the 30th Day of May 1775.

OfficersTheir Uniforms according to Regulation. And their general Appearance much in their favour. They were Steady and Saluted tolerably well. The Major appeared on Foot.
NonCommissd OffrsIn every respect as they should be.
DrummersBeat tolerably well. Their Drums are not painted according to the Kings Regulation.
FifersPlay very well.
MusickA Good Band of 10.
PrivateOf a very tolerable Size. Active and Strong. A few of them Old and ill set up for a Parade, but all of them are serviceable. The Recruits of the last years have greatly improved the Regiment. Steady and well dressed.
CloathingGood well fitted and according to Regulation. Their White purses are not part of the Establishment but bought by the Men as an Ornament.
ArmsIn perfect good order. The Grenadiers had no Swords. 190 Wanting for the Battalion, which was ordered to be provided forthwith. Lieutenant Colonel Stirling says that the Highlanders on several occasions declined using Broad Swords in America; That they all prefer Bayonets; and that Swords for the Battalion Men tho' part of their dress and Establishment are incumbrances.
AccoutrementsUniform and according to Regulation.
Recruits and Discharged Men23 Inlisted since last Review. All remarkably good. 12 In the ranks, 11 not fit for them. 8 Discharged, of which 2 recommended to the Hospital.
ComplaintsNone
AccountsSettled to the 24th of June 1774, But so Stated as not to be intelligible. Nothing requires more regulation than the stock purse, and NonEffective accounts of the Irish Establishment. They are now under no Regulation whatever, Some Commanding Officers charge review Dinners, Musick, and whatever else they think proper, and blend such a variety of articles together they cannot be Decyphered. Till these abuses are rectified; The Regiments in Ireland cannot be tolerably Complete. L 40, is now charged by every Regiment of Foot for a paymaster formerly 5 sh per Month from every Company was reckoned sufficient.
Orderly BooksProduced and found very properly kept.
Manual ExerciseTolerably well but slower than the general practice in Ireland, and not strictly conformable to Regulation.
Movements Evolutions Firings and Maneuvers Received the General. General Salute. Marched by Grand Divisions. Fired by Companies from the flanks to Center. Fired by Companies tothe Rear from Center to flanks. Advanced in Slow time. Fired by Grand Divisions from flanks to Center. Advanced in Slow time. Fired by Wings. Fired by Right and Left hand Companies Retreating. Advanced by files from the Right of grand Divisions. Formed Battalion. Retreated from the Right of Grand Divisions. Changed front to the Left. Wheeled by Companies to the Right. Street Firing Advancing and Retreating. Formed Battalion to the Left. Changed front to the Right. Formed a Solid Column. Charged in Column. Formed Battalion and fired by Companies from Center to flanks. Retreated in Solid Column. Advanced from the Center of Wings by single files. Formed battalion and retreated by files from the Center of Wings. Formed Column from the Center. Formed the Square and fired by Companies. Formed battalion. Retreated in Column from the Center. Fired a Volley. Charged. Volley and General Salute. In all 20 rounds. The Maneuvers were well done, and through the whole the men were Steady and Attentive.
General ObservationsThis is an Excellent Steady well disciplined Regiment, And in every respect fit for immediate Service.
 Robert Cuninghame
Majr Genl

General Return of the NAMES, COUNTRY, AGE & Service, of the Officers, of His Majestys 42d / Or Royal Highland Regiment of Foot

Commanded by The Right Honorable General Lord John Murray
With the dates of their Several Commissions
Reviewed at Waterford on the 30th Day of May 1775 By Major General Robert Cuninghame

OFFICERS

Ranks, and Names

Country

Years of

 

English

Scotch

Irish

Foreigners

Age

Service

 

Colonel Lord John Murray

 

1

   

67

37

Lieutent Coll Thomas Stirling

 

1

   

40

28

Major William Murray

 

1

   

37

20

Captains { William Grant

 

1

   

41

30

               { Alexander Donaldson

 

1

   

37

17

               { George McKenzie

 

1

   

31

15

               { Earl Balcarres

 

1

   

23

8

               { James McPherson

 

1

   

50

18

               { Charles Graham

 

1

   

25

16

               { Archibald Erskine

 

1

   

26

9

Capt Lieut  John Smith

 

1

   

43

18

             

Lieutenants { John McIntosh

 

1

   

32

18

                    { Charles Grant

 

1

   

32

16

                    { John Graham

 

1

   

35

17

                    { Valentine Chisolm

 

1

   

44

15

                    { John Peebles

 

1

   

34

12

                    { John Rutherford

 

1

   

28

11

                    { Robert Reid

 

1

   

24

8

                    { William Graham

 

1

   

22

6

                    { James Graham

 

1

   

21

6

                    { Robert Potts

 

1

   

26

4

                    { John Grant

 

1

   

36

14

             

Ensigns       { Robert Franklin

   

1

 

23

4

                   { Thomas Lyttleton

1

     

18

5

                   { Patrick Graham

 

1

   

20

3

                   { Alexander Grant

 

1

   

24

3

                   { Alexander McKenzie

 

1

   

29

15

                   { George Dalrymple

 

1

   

17

2

                   { James Campbell

 

1

   

22

2

                   { James Lees

 

1

   

17

1

Total

1

28

1

     
             

Chapn      James McLaggan

 

1

   

46

13

Adjutt      John McIntosh

 

1

   

32

18

Qur Mar  William Graham

 

1

   

22

6

Surgn       Alexander Potts

 

1

   

34

12

Mate       William Robertson

 

1

   

22

2

   

5

       

 

OFFICERS

Ranks, and Names

Dates of their several Commissions in the Army

Cornet or

Ensign

Lieutent

Capt  Lieut

Captain

Major

Lieut Coll

Colonel

Colonel Lord John Murray

         

23d July 1738

25th April 1745

Lieutent Coll Thomas Stirling

30th Septemr 1747

9th October 1751

 

24th July 1757

12th Decemr 1770

7th Septemr 1771

 

Major William Murray

30th Decemr 1755

26th Decemr 1757

 

18th July 1758

7th Septemr 1771

   

Captains { William Grant

20th May 1745

22d Novemr 1746

 

23d July 1758

     

               { Alexander Donaldson

18th July 1758

18th March 1760

 

31st March 1770

     

               { George McKenzie

25th March 1762

25th April 1766

 

12th Decemr 1770

     

               { Earl Balcarres

15th July 1767

   

28th January 1771

     

               { James McPherson

 

18th October 1761

 

1st Septemr 1771

     

               { Charles Graham

17th Septemr 1760

10th Septemr 1762

 

7th Septemr 1771

     

               { Archibald Erskine

2d Decemr 1766

26th July 1768

 

7th Septemr 1771

     

Capt Lieut  John Smith

15th May 1757

26th July 1758

14th January 1775

       
               

Lieutenants { John McIntosh

4th Decemr

1759

15th May

 1762

         

                    { Charles Grant

28th July

1760

9th August

1762

         

                    { John Graham

25th July

1758

31st July 1760

         

                    { Valentine Chisolm

17th October 1761

23d July 1762

         

                    { John Peebles

23d August 1763

31st March 1770

         

                    { John Rutherford

illegible

illegible

         

                    { Robert Reid

28th March 1768

7th Septemr 1770

         

                    { William Graham

10th Febry 1770

23d Novemr 1772

         

                    { James Graham

31st March 1770

1st March 1773

         

                    { Robert Potts

7th Septemr 1771

12th Febry 1773

         

                    { John Grant

1st October 1761

14th January 1775

         
               

Ensigns      { Robert Franklin

16th October 1771

           

                  { Thomas Lyttleton

23rd Novemr 1772

           

                  { Patrick Graham

31st Decemr 1772

           

                  { Alexander Grant

1st March 1773

           

                  { Alexander McKenzie

19th October 1761

           

                  { George Dalrymple

12th July 1773

           

                  { James Campbell

28th April 1774

           

                  { James Lees

14th January 1775

           
   

Chapn      James McLaggan

15th June 1761

Officers Uniforms

Dark Blue Facings with Gold Laced Button Holes & Epaulettes, Buttons Numbered, The Lapells, Cuffs, Waistcoats, Belted Plaids, Hose and Blue Bonnets, according to Regulation.

Adjutt      John McIntosh

2d November 1768

Qur Mar  William Graham

18th January  1770

Surgn       Alexander Potts

10th April 1761

Mate       William Robertson

1st May 1774

 

General Return of the Country, Size, Age & time of Service, of the Men, of His Majestys 42d Or Royal Highland Regiment of Foot

Commanded by The Right Honorable General Lord John Murray
Including Serjeants, Corporals, and Drummers.

                                                                  Number of each Country

                                                                             COMPANIES

 

Country                     

Colo  Lord john Murray

Lt Colo Thomas Stirling

Major William Murray

Capt. William Grant

Capt. Alexander Donaldson

Capt. George McKenzie

Capt. Earl Balcarres

Capt. James McPherson

Capt. Charles Graham

  Capt. Archibald Erskine

Total

English

                     

Scotch

39

37

39

37

38

35

43

37

38

35

378

Irish

                     

Foreigners

                     

Total

39

37

39

37

38

35

43

37

38

35

378

SIZE

from  5  F – 6  I & under to 6  F –2  I & upwards

Size

Companies as above

Total

Feet Inch

6-2

                     

6-1 ½

                     

6-1

           

3

     

3

6- ½

                     

6-

           

4

     

4

5-11 ½

1

   

1

           

2

5-11

           

6

 

1

 

7

5-10 ½

       

1

 

12

     

13

5-10

   

1

2

   

6

2

1

 

12

5-9 ½

   

1

     

9

2

1

1

14

5-9

4

8

6

5

2

     

3

3

31

5-8 ½

3

   

4

    2

   

7

3

3

22

5-8

3

4

6

 

7

 

3

3

4

5

35

5-7 ½

8

 

5

10

7

7

 

5

11

9

48

5-7

5

10

8

 

4

7

 

5

11

9

59

5-6 ½

6

6

4

9

5

3

 

10

3

4

50

5-6

4

6

5

3

6

13

 

5

3

2

47

under 5-6

5

3

3

3

4

5

 

3

1

4

31

Total

39

37

39

37

38

35

43

37

38

35

378

 

                                                               AGE

from 18 & under to 55 years & upwards

                                                                             COMPANIES

 

Years of Age

Colo  Lord john Murray

Lt Colo Thomas Stirling

Major William Murray

Capt. William Grant

Capt. Alexander Donaldson

Capt. George McKenzie

Capt. Earl Balcarres

Capt. James McPherson

Capt. Charles Graham

  Capt. Archibald Erskine

Total

55

                     

50

                 

1

1

45

 

3

         

2

2

1

8

40

3

3

2

2

3

 

6

1

4

2

26

35

5

3

3

9

3

2

3

5

3

1

37

30

9

6

6

5

7

4

8

4

7

9

65

25

10

15

9

10

10

17

17

11

8

8

115

20

10

3

11

4

12

11

8

7

10

9

85

18

2

4

8

7

3

1

1

7

4

4

41

Total

39

37

39

37

38

35

43

37

38

35

378

SERVICE

from  1 Year & under to 35  & upwards

Years

Companies as above

Total

35

                     

30

             

1

   

1

25

                 

1

1

20

3

   

2

 

2

 

3

6

1

17

15

4

12

5

 

4

1

7

3

2

3

41

10

4

 

1

12

2

2

6

5

4

3

39

8

8

 

4

5

2

8

14

3

7

6

57

7

   

5

 

3

 

1

 

2

4

15

6

7

   

6

 

12

5

7

5

7

46

5

3

9

6

 

13

3

3

3

1

1

42

4

5

6

2

 

5

5

2

4

4

5

44

3

2

2

3

 

5

 

1

3

2

1

19

2

3

6

7

7

6

1

1

4

4

5

44

1

 

2

6

5

3

1

 

3

1

2

23

Total

39

37

39

37

38

35

43

37

38

35

378

 

COMPANIES

Officers Present

Commission.

Staff

Colonel

Lieutt Colonel

Major

Captains

Lieutenants

Ensigns, or 2d Lieutts

Chaplain

Adjutant

Quartermaster

Surgeon

Mate

Coll Lord John Murray

     

1

 

1

1

1

1

1

1

LtColl Thomas Stirling

 

1

   

1

1

         

Major William Murray

   

1

 

1

           

Capts  { William Grant

     

1

 

1

         

           { Alexanr Donaldson

     

1

1

1

         

           {George McKenzie

     

1

2

           

          { Earl Balcarres

     

1

2

           

          { James McPherson

       

1

           

          { Charles Graham

     

1

1

1

         

          { Archibald Erskine

     

1

1

1

         

Total

 

1

1

7

10

6

1

1

1

1

1

 

COMPANIES

Sergeants Present

Drummers & Fifers Present

Effective Rank And File

Wanting to

Complete to

Allowance

Alterations since last

Review

 

Present & Fit for Duty

Sick in Quarters

Sick in Hospitals

On Command

Recruiting

On Furlow

Total

 

Sergeants

Drummers & Fifers

Rank & File

Inlisted

Dead

Dischargd & Recommd

Dischargd & not Recommd

Deserted

 

Coll Lord John Murray

2

1

32

3

1

     

36

   

3

2

   

4

 

LtColl Thomas Stirling

2

1

31

1

   

2

 

34

   

5

2

 

3

4

1

Major William Murray

2

1

31

1

2

 

2

 

36

   

3

3

1

 

6

1

Capts  {

William Grant

2

1

30

3

   

1

 

34

   

5

3

 

4

5

 

Alexanr Donaldson

2

1

33

1

       

35

   

4

2

1

 

5

 

George McKenzie

1

1

30

1

1

 

1

 

32

   

7

1

   

4

 

Earl Balcarres

2

3

38

         

38

   

1

1

1

 

1

 

James McPherson

2

1

32

 

1

 

1

 

34

   

5

3

   

6

 

Charles Graham

2

1

31

1

3

     

35

   

4

3

   

5

 

Archibald Erskine

1

1

26

1

4

 

1

 

32

   

7

3

 

3

5

 

Total

17

12

314

12

12

 

8

 

346

   

44

23

3

10

45

2

 

 

ABSENT OFFICERS

VACANT OFFICERS

Ranks & Names

Since

What Time

By whose Leave

For What Time

Rank

Since

What time

By what Means

Cl  Lord John Murray Genl

Captain James McPherson

Lieut John Grant

Ensign Thomas Lyttleton

Ensign James Lees

September 1773

-----

-----

10th April 1775

15th May 1775

His Majestys

Recruiting

Recruiting

His Majestys

Commander in Chiefs

------

------

------

10th October 1775

15th November 1775

     

NB  23 Of the Number Discharged and not Recommended were Drafted to Compleat the Regiments that went to America

No of Sergeants Recruiting --  13

 

Field Return

 

Commisd Officers

Staff Officers

Non.Comsn Officers & Private Men

Detail of Officers & Men on Duty

Colonel.

Lieut't Colonel.

Major.

Captains.

Llieutenants.

Ensigns or 2d  Lieutts .

                 

Places Where

Captains.

Subalterns.

Serjeants.

Corporalsrs.

Drumrs & Fifers.

Private.

Under Arms

                             

On Guard

Recruiting

     

1

 

15

 On Duty

                             

1

1

3

1

 

 7

Sick in                                 { Quarters

                                         

     { Hospital

                                         

Prisoners

                                         

Absent by Leave

1

       

2

                             

Total Effectives

1

1

1

8

11

8

1

1

1

1

1

20

30

12

316

           

Wanting to Complete to the Allowance

                           

  44

           

Total of the Allowance

1

1

1

8

11

8

1

1

1

1

1

20

30

12

360

1

1

3

2

-

22

 

Return of the Arms of His Majestys 42d Or Royal Highland Regt of Foot Commanded by The Right Honorable General Lord John Murray

Good

Bad

Wanting

Halberts.

Drums.

Firelocks.

Bayonets.

Cartridge.

Boxes.

When Received.

20

12

390

390

39

A Compleat Set of Firelocks and Bayonets Received at Dublin in    1773

N.B. The cartridge Boxes are in good Condition, But the Construction Bad, not being deep enough to Contain Cartridges with Ball

       

351

         

Complement

20

12

390

390

390

[WO 27/35 Sheet No. 4]

Return of Accoutrements
 

Colours.

Serjeants

Sashes

Grenadier &

Battalion Swords

Waist Belts

Pouches with

Shoulder Belts

Slings

Grenadier

Match Cases

Axes

Saws

Aprons

When Received

Good

2

 

232

 

422

390

 

9

9

9

Colours in            1774 Swords in             1773 Shoulder Belts in 1772

Slings in               1767

Pioneers

    Appointments  1772

Bad

                   

Wanting

   

190

       

1

1

1

Complement

2

 

422

 

422

390

 

10

10

10

 

Return of Cloathing

No Delivered in 1774

Wanting to Compt to ye Allowance.

Ten of the Rank and File are Cloathed as Musicians

Serjeants.

Drummers & Fifers.

N.B. the Contingent Men pr Company with their Arms, Accoutrements and Cloathing are not inserted in ye  Several Returns

The Colonel Allows the Serjeants , Corporals, Drummrs and Fifers, and private full half Mounting Money to Supply them with Shirts Rollers & Shoes

Coats.            

Plaids.

Shirts.

Rollers.

Shoes.

Hose.

Bonnets.

Coats.

Plaids.

Shirts.

Rollers.

Shoes.

Hose.

Bonnets.

Drum Carriages.

20

20

     

80

20

12

12

     

48

12

12

                             
                             

Total of the Allowance

20

20

     

80

20

12

12

     

48

12

12

 


Return of Cloathing

No Delivered in 1774

Wanting to Compt to ye Allowance.

Ten of the Rank and File are Cloathed as Musicians

Rank & File

 

Coats.            

Plaids.

Shirts.

Rollers.

Shoes.

Hose.

Bonnets.

N.B. the Contingent Men pr Company with their Arms, Accoutrements and Cloathing are not inserted in ye  Several Returns

The Colonel Allows the Serjeants , Corporals, Drummrs and Fifers, and private full half Mounting Money to Supply them with Shirts Rollers & Shoes

390

390

     

1560

20

             
             

Total of the Allowance

390

390

     

1560

390

 

Abstract of Non Effective Account from 25th June 1773 To 24th June 1774

Dr.                                  NON EFFECTIVE ACCOUNT                                           Cr.

To Balance of last years Account

To Levy Money for 50 Recruits

To Subsistence of recruits from the days of their landing in Ireland till Joined, Passage of Recruits and parties to and from Britain, Charges on Deserters, Muster Office Fees, Exchange on Bills, Hire of Store Houses, Monthly Returns, Fees of Warrants, Postage of Letters &ca , &ca

To Pay master Allowance for One Year

                                                            L

28

270

99

40

438

2

16

12

11

¾

8

11 ¾

8 ½

 

By 12 Months Pay of 20 Warrant Men

By Non Effectives Stopt from Abstracts

                                      Balance

                                                            L

121

306

10

438

13

12

6

11

4

3

1 ½

8 ½ 

 

This inspection can be found in WO 27/35 - Office of the Commander-in-Chief and War Office: Adjutant General and Army Council: Inspection Returns
psmith@42ndRHR.org
http://www.42ndRHR.org
Last modified: December 21, 2012
Copyright © 2013
Preston M. Smith and the 42nd Royal Highlanders, Inc.
All rights reserved.

Blog | Main Page | Pipes | Fifes | Drums | Dancing | Escort to the Colors | Pictures | Booking the 42nd | History | Maps | DeChartres | Ireland | Uniforms | Warrants & Inspections | Rev. War Officer Lists | Links | Bibliography | 42nd Recordings | 42nd Merchandise | Griffin Endowment | Scottish Society | Burns Supper | Forfar Bridie Booth | The Whole 9 Yards | Golf Outing | 2013 Tour of Scotland